- Brazil occupies a large area along the eastern coast of South America and includes much of south Americas interior, sharing land borders with Uruguay to the south; Argentina and Paraguay to the southwest; Bolivia and Peru to the west; Colombia to the northwest; and Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana and the French overseas department of French Guiana to the north. The Major region’s are the North and North East region’s, the Central West region, and the South East and South regions. Brazil is Located mostly in the southern hemisphere and the equator runs right through the top of it.
- The Brazilian Federation is divided into three houses: the States, the Municipalities and the Federal District. The Federation is set on five fundamental principles sovereignty, citizenship, dignity of human beings, the social values of labour and freedom of enterprise, and political pluralism. The classic tripartite branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial under the checks and balances system), is formally established by the Constitution. The executive and legislative are organized independently in all three spheres of government, while the judiciary is organized only at the federal and state/federal District spheres.
- The population of Brazil is 191,796,000. Brazil is the most populous country in South America, and two thirds as big as the United States. The official language is Portuguese. The main religion is Roman Catholicism. The capital of Brazil is Brasilia, and two other large cities are Rio de Janeiro and Sao Palo. Most of brazils population lies is the southern half or brazil, because the northern half isn’t as developed and is covered in mostly jungle. The weather in brazil is mostly tropical and hot around the northern half and temperate with seasons in the southern half.
- Most of Brazil’s territory comprises different ecosystems, such as the Amazon Rain forest, recognized as having the greatest biological diversity in the world. the Atlantic Forest and the Cerrado, sustaining the greatest biodiversity. theres also the Araucaria pine forest grows under temperate conditions In the south. The Araucaria pine forest is home to many unique species and plants, such as the brow monkey. Deforestation in the Arcadia forest is increasing along with the Amazon. Timber is Brazil’s number one natural capital. Timber is used for making materials and keeping Brazil’s soil in pristine condition. Brazil is also the worlds second largest ethanol supporter, they uses their sugar cane to create E85 ethanol.
- In areas where agriculture is more intense and developed, there are serious problems of soil erosion, siltation and sedimentation of streams and rivers, and pollution with pesticides. In parts of the savannas, where irrigated soybean production expanded in the 1980s, the water table has been affected. Brazil is home to the world’s largest reserves of renewable fresh water, but massive amounts of development is putting increasing pressure on their sources. Expansion of pastures for cattle-raising has reduced natural biodiversity in the savannas. farm animal waste effluents constitute a serious environmental problem in Santa Catarina in the South. Brazils biggest environmental issue is their amazon rain forest. Due to the vastness of the Amazon rain forest, Brazil’s average loss of 34,660 square kilometers of primary forest per year between 2000 and 2005 represents only about 0.8 percent of its forest cover. Nevertheless, deforestation in Brazil is one of the most important global environmental issues today. Because of the world financial crisis, brazils deforestation is slowing down, which is a good sign for a county that is losing forest faster than any other country in the world. Today most of Brazil’s deforestation comes from cattle ranching, second is for the production of products. Last year 7,008 sq km of forest were cleared, the lowest loss since annual record-keeping began in the late 1980s. Brazil aims to meet its target set fourth in 2008 through increased law enforcement, new protected areas, and financial incentives to promote sustainable forest use, conservation, and reforestation by landowners, including small farmers and agribusiness. The effort will be challenged by the difficulty of governing the vast and remote region as well as competing economic interests, which push for investment in infrastructure — especially roads and dams — that accelerates deforestation. Brazil’s says that be 2020 the will cut their green house gasses by 40%. Brazil is in a awkward situation, either peruse economic growth/development, and worsen their environment, or takes some economic blows by restricting deforestation and Co2 admissions. Not to say that there aren’t economic up sides to going green, but the way brazils economy is fixed, it’s vertically impossible to go green and not have some negative impact on their economy.
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